About trouble-free navigation

When sailing in conditions of normal visibility and increased complexity (narrowness, areas of heavy shipping, etc.), safety measures sufficient during the day should usually be increased in the dark. Everyone knows that coastal lights can mask the navigation and anchor lights of ships, luminous buoys and other means of navigation support. Monitoring several vessels simultaneously presents certain difficulties and often requires additional observers. In addition, any skipper needs some time to adapt to the situation. In daylight, these difficulties usually do not arise and, in any case, can be solved much easier.


Regardless of the relative position of the vessels, measures must be taken to avoid divergence in the bend of the narrowness. A sign of rapprochement on a bend is the invariance of the bearing. It must be remembered that the rule governing the meeting of vessels at intersecting courses also applies in narrowness.


This circumstance needs to be especially taken into account, including on a “privileged” vessel: to contact VHF in time, use sound and light signals to attract attention, if there is a clear increase in threat (to direct the vessel’s fast approach not on its side), stop movement.


The use of the radar and the conduct of laying when approaching in conditions of normal visibility provide a calm situation on the bridge and prevent actions dictated by unreasonable assumptions. As a rule, a “full-scale” gasket in these cases is required only for dangerous crevices. For the rest, observation of the bearing is sufficient.


High speed and belated actions are interconnected. Reducing speed allows in a calm environment to correctly assess the situation, more successfully perform actions to avoid danger. In the vast majority of cases, speed reduction is an effective measure to increase safety. The value of safe speed, among other things, depends on the skill and experience of the skipper. For the captain, it can be higher, for the senior assistant, as a rule, lower. Except for those cases, of course, when the captain is extremely tired (for any reason), and the old man has kept his spirits and normal perception of the situation. We must once again recall that adaptation to the situation is easier in calm conditions - at a lower speed.


When navigating in fog, in a narrow with intensive shipping in case of failure of the radar, it is necessary, giving timely notification, at the earliest opportunity to anchor. In these conditions, any speed is excessive.


Following, for example, from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, it is advisable to prepare for such measures before approaching the Bosphorus. And on a flight from Leningrad to the Atlantic, it is necessary that the captain, and even the first officer, should come to Bornholm rested and not rack their brains in the fire order over the one to put forward looking.


There is still the danger of exposure to prolonged safe swimming, lulling a sense of alertness and due attention.


There is no doubt that skippers will supplement the brief list provided here with other examples, the totality of which makes up the idea of ​​“good maritime practice”. levitra prix au maroc https://www.acheter-levitra.net/acheter-du-levitra.html duree traitement levitra